移民局关于EB5现代化法案的问与答(中英文)20200316

优先日期保留 

问:谁能从新的EB-5规则的优先日期保留条款中受益?  

A. 在某些条件下,于2019年11月21日或之后提交新的  I-526表格《外国投资者的移民请愿书》的投资者可以使用先前批准的I-526表格请愿书的优先日期。 

问:美国公民及移民服务局何时不允许申请人将先前批准的I-526表格请愿书的优先权日期用于2019年11月21日或之后提交的新I-526表格? 

答:如果满足以下条件,美国公民及移民服务局将不允许申请人将先前批准的I-526表格申请的优先日期用于随后提交的申请:  

  • 根据《移民与国籍法》第203(b)(5)条的规定,投资者已使用较早批准的请愿书的优先权日期进入美国;要么  
  • 美国公民及移民服务局(USCIS)撤销先前批准的请愿书,理由是请愿人欺诈或故意虚假陈述,或因为批准是基于重大错误。 

问:投资者如何请求更早的优先日期? 

答:作为新提交的I-526表格的一部分,投资者可以向USCIS提供一份声明,要求更早的优先权日期以及先前I-526表格的批准通知书(I-797表格)的副本。投资者可以使用表格I-824,经批准的申请书或请愿书中的诉讼申请书,要求提早批准通知的副本  。  

最低投资额 

问:适用于在2019年11月21日或之后提交I-526表格(外国投资者的移民请愿书)的 EB-5投资者的新最低投资额是  多少? 

答:对于目标就业区(TEA)以外的投资,最低投资额从100万美元增加到180万美元。对于TEA的投资,最低投资额从500,000美元增加到900,000美元。这些金额代表法律授权的基于通货膨胀的调整。从2024年10月1日开始,此后每五年,这些金额将自动针对在每次调整生效日期或之后提交的请愿书进行调整,DHS可以通过在联邦公报中发布技术修订来更新此数字。  

问:新的EB-5最终规则对在2019年11月21日之前正确提交I-526表格请愿书但在最终规则生效之日仍在等待中的投资者的最低投资额有何影响? 

答:在最终规则的生效日期之前提交I-526表格请愿书的投资者可以根据提交请愿书时有效的最低投资要求确定资格。  

问:EB-5最终规则如何影响2019年11月21日之前提交I-526申请表,仅投资了部分资本,并积极投资剩余资本的投资者的最低投资额资本额?    

答:这些投资者必须满足他们提交请愿书时的要求,其中包括表明他们可以通过投资或积极投资所需的资金而达到先前的最低投资额500,000美元或100万美元。提交时的金额。呈请人必须在提出申请时表明其对所需资本额的实际承诺,但无需在新规则生效之日之前将资本投资全额投入新商业企业,相反,他们可能会积极参与根据先前规则投资的最低投资额。  

问:EB-5最终规则对在2019年11月21日或之后提交新I-526申请但寻求保留先前批准的I-表优先日期的投资者的最低投资额有何影响2019年11月21日之前提交526份申请?  

答:所有在规则生效日期或之后提交新I-526表格申请的投资者,包括寻求保留先前批准的I-526表格申请的优先日期的投资者,必须满足新EB-的要求。 5条规则,包括增加的最低投资额。 

TEA指定 

问:新的EB-5规则如何影响2019年11月21日之前提交的I-526表格请愿人的TEA决定? 

答:在最终规则的生效日期之前提交  I-526表格(外国投资者的移民申请)的投资者必须根据提交申请时有效的要求确定资格。  

问:根据新的EB-5规则,寻求EB-5分类的投资者可以通过提供证据证明新商业企业主要从事业务的特定区域的失业率达到高失业率,从而证明其投资属于高失业率TEA。全国平均水平的150%。申请人和请愿人应使用哪些数据源来确定失业率,以及在哪里可用? 

答:请愿人有责任向美国公民及移民服务局提供证据,证明请愿人已投资或正在积极进行投资的区域在适用的确定时间是高失业率地区,并且此类证据应可靠且可验证。美国公民及移民服务局认为,美国人口普查局通过美国社区调查局(ACS)和劳工部劳动统计局(BLS)向公众提供的失业数据是可靠且可核实的,供上访者参考以携带其证据负担。  

无论选择哪个可靠且可验证的数据呈请者,数据都应保持一致。例如,美国公民及移民服务局指出,尽管BLS和人口普查局在计算失业率时依赖于平民劳动力的概念,但他们使用了不同的方法。如果请愿者依靠ACS数据来确定所请求TEA的失业率,则他们还应该使用ACS数据来确定全国失业率。  

问:根据8 CFR 204.6(i),EB-5请愿人可以采用哪种方式证明新商业企业主要从事业务的区域位于TEA中? 

答:EB-5申请人可以提供有关一个或多个人口普查区的以下信息以及其他相关文件: 

  • 新商业企业(或创造就业机会的实体)主要从事业务的地点  
  • 标识提议的TEA中包括的人口普查区的地图(仅包括相关实体主要从事业务的区域以及任何或所有直接相邻的区域)   
  • 建立指定区域失业率加权平均数的基础计算  
  • 可靠且可验证的数据可作为拟议TEA失业统计的来源  
  • 所使用的数据可靠且可验证的证据(也就是说,请愿人必须证明他们使用了可靠且可验证的方法来获取其失业统计数据)  

问:为了证明某个地区符合高失业率TEA,请愿者必须证明该地区的失业率至少是全国平均水平的150%。失业率需要四舍五入到小数点后位数吗?例如,如果美国2019年8月的失业率为3.7%,而其中的150%为5.55%,加权平均值5.445%是否符合条件?临界点是多少? 

答:请愿人应将寻求指定TEA的地区的加权平均失业率四舍五入到与用于比较的失业率相同的小数位。在此示例中,要符合资格获得TEA,请愿人必须建立等于或大于5.55%的加权平均失业率。如果请愿人的加权平均数得出的小数位数比150%计算的小数位数多(本例中为5.55%),请愿人应将其加权平均值四舍五入到与150%计算相同的小数位数。四舍五入是基于要四舍五入的数字之后的数字。因此,如果请愿人的加权平均值为5.5447258%,则加权平均值将基于小数点后第三位四舍五入为5.54%,并且不符合条件。但是,如果请愿人的加权平均值为5.5467258%,  

问:美国移民局会根据事实,在2019年11月21日之前接受TEA的州认证,这是已批准的I-526申请表的一部分,是否适用于2019年11月21日或之后提交的单独的I-526申请表实质上是相同的? 

答:不会。根据新规定,美国公民及移民服务局将裁定在2019年11月21日或之后提交的每份I-526表格请愿书。  

永久居留条件的解除 

问:如果I-829表格中未包含主要投资者的衍生产品(例如子女或配偶),则  投资者提出的取消永久居民身份条件  的申请书并打算提交自己的I-829表格,他们是否可以提交?一起放在一个I-829表格上? 

答:只有在投资者去世后,他们才能一起提出申请。否则,每个衍生产品都必须提交单独的I-829表格申请。如果衍生产品正在向投资者提交单独的请愿书,则衍生产品应随附与投资者的I-829表格有关的投资者I-797表格《行动通知》的副本  。 

问:新规则是否禁止USCIS向待定I-829表格添加衍生产品? 

答:否,如果衍生工具支付了生物识别费,并且有资格被归类为委托人的衍生工具,则仍可能要求将其添加到待处理的I-829中。新规则规范了那些单独提交I-829表格申请而不能包括在主要投资者的I-829表格中的衍生工具的流程,通常是因为委托人未能或拒绝提交I-829表格。 

问:主要投资者可以在I-829表格中包括一个在有条件永久居留期间年满21岁或结婚的孩子,或在有条件永久居留期间与该投资者离婚的前配偶吗?  

答:可以。

Questions and Answers: EB-5 Immigrant Investor Program Modernization Rule

Priority Date Retention 

Q. Who may benefit from the new EB-5 rule’s priority date retention provision?  

A. Investors who file a new Form I-526, Immigrant Petition by Alien Investor, on or after Nov. 21, 2019, may use the priority date of a previously approved Form I-526 petition, subject to certain conditions. 

Q. When would USCIS not allow the petitioner to use the priority date of a previously approved Form I-526 petition for a new Form I-526 filed on or after Nov. 21, 2019? 

A. USCIS will not allow the petitioner to use the priority date of a previously approved Form I-526 petition for a subsequently filed petition if:  

  • The investor was already admitted to the United States under section 203(b)(5) of the Immigration and Nationality Act using the priority date of the earlier-approved petition; or  
  • USCIS revoked the previously approved petition for fraud or willful misrepresentation by the petitioner, or because the approval was based on a material error. 

Q. How can investors request an earlier priority date? 

A. As part of their new Form I-526 submission, investors may provide USCIS with a statement requesting the earlier priority date along with a copy of the approval notice (Form I-797) for the previous Form I-526. Investors can request a duplicate copy of the earlier approval notice using Form I-824, Application for Action on an Approved Application or Petition.  

Minimum Investment Amounts 

Q: What are the new minimum investment amounts that apply to EB-5 investors who file a Form I-526, Immigrant Petition by Alien Investor, on or after Nov. 21, 2019? 

A: For investments outside of a Targeted Employment Area (TEA), the minimum investment amount increased from $1 million to $1.8 million. For investments in a TEA, the minimum investment amount increased from $500,000 to $900,000.  These amounts represent an adjustment based on inflation, as authorized by the law. Beginning on Oct.1, 2024, and every five years thereafter, these amounts will automatically adjust for petitions filed on or after each adjustment’s effective date, and DHS may update this figure by publication of a technical amendment in the Federal Register.  

Q: How does the new EB-5 final rule affect the minimum investment amount for investors who properly filed a Form I-526 petition before Nov. 21, 2019, but whose petitions were pending on the effective date of the final rule? 

A: Investors who filed a Form I-526 petition before the effective date of the final rule may establish eligibility under the minimum investment requirements in effect when they filed the petition.  

Q: How does the EB-5 final rule affect the minimum investment amount for investors who filed their Form I-526 petition before Nov. 21, 2019, invested only a partial amount of capital, and are actively in the process of investing the remaining amount of capital?    

A: These investors must meet the requirements in effect when they filed the petition—this includes the requirement to show they can meet the prior minimum investment amount of either $500,000 or $1 million by having either invested or been actively in the process of investing the required amount at the time of filing. Petitioners must show actual commitment of the required amount of capital at the time of filing but do not need to have fully contributed their capital investment to the new commercial enterprise before the effective date of the new rule—instead, they may be actively in the process of investing the minimum investment amount required under the prior rule.  

Q: How does the EB-5 final rule affect the minimum investment amount for investors who file a new Form I-526 petition on or after Nov. 21, 2019, but who seek to retain a priority date from a previously approved Form I-526 petition filed before Nov. 21, 2019?  

A: All investors who file a new Form I-526 petition on or after the effective date of the rule, including those seeking to retain the priority date from a previously approved Form I-526 petition, must satisfy the requirements under the new EB-5 rule, including the increased minimum investment amounts. 

TEA Designations 

Q: How does the new EB-5 rule affect the TEA determination for Form I-526 petitioners who filed before Nov. 21, 2019? 

A:  Investors who filed Form I-526, Immigrant Petition by Alien Investor, before the effective date of the final rule must establish eligibility under the requirements in effect at the time of filing the petition.  

Q: Under the new EB-5 rule, investors seeking EB-5 classification can demonstrate that their investment is in a high unemployment TEA by providing evidence that the specified area in which the new commercial enterprise is principally doing business has had an unemployment rate at 150% of the national average rate. What data sources should applicants and petitioners use to determine the unemployment rate, and where are they available? 

A: The burden is on the petitioner to provide USCIS with evidence documenting that the area where the petitioner has invested or is actively in the process of investing is a high unemployment area at the applicable time of determination, and such evidence should be reliable and verifiable. USCIS believes that the unemployment data provided to the public by both the Census Bureau through the American Community Survey (ACS) and the Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) qualify as reliable and verifiable for petitioners to reference in order to carry their evidentiary burden.  

Regardless of which reliable and verifiable data petitioners choose to present, the data should be consistent. For example, USCIS notes that, although BLS and the Census Bureau rely on the concept of the civilian labor force in their unemployment rate calculations, they use different methodologies. If petitioners rely on ACS data to determine the unemployment rate for the requested TEA, they should also use ACS data to determine the national unemployment rate.  

Q: What is one way an EB-5 petitioner could present the evidence documenting that the area in which the new commercial enterprise is principally doing business is located in a TEA under 8 CFR 204.6(i)? 

A: An EB-5 petitioner could provide the following about the relevant census tract or tracts, among other relevant documentation: 

  • The location where the new commercial enterprise (or job creating entity, if applicable) is principally doing business  
  • A map identifying the census tracts included in the proposed TEA (including only the tract(s) where the relevant entity is principally doing business and any or all of the directly adjacent tracts)   
  • The underlying calculations for establishing the weighted average of the unemployment rate for the specified area  
  • The reliable and verifiable data that serves as the source of the unemployment statistics for the proposed TEA  
  • Evidence that the data used is reliable and verifiable (that is, petitioners must show that they used reliable and verifiable methods to obtain their unemployment statistics)  

Q: To demonstrate that an area qualifies as a high unemployment TEA, petitioners must show that the unemployment rate for the area is at least 150% of the national average. To what decimal place does the unemployment rate need to be rounded to qualify? For example, if the unemployment for August 2019 for the United States is 3.7%, and 150% of that is 5.55%, would a weighted average of 5.445% qualify? What is the cut-off point? 

A: The petitioner should round the weighted average unemployment rate for the area sought for TEA designation to the same decimal place as the unemployment rate used for comparison. In this example, to qualify as a TEA, the petitioner must establish a weighted average unemployment rate equal to or greater than 5.55%. If the petitioner’s weighted average results in a number with more decimal places than the 150% calculation (5.55% in this case), the petitioner should round his or her weighted average to the same number of decimal places as the 150% calculation. Rounding is based on the number following the number to be rounded. So, if the petitioner’s weighted average is 5.5447258%, the weighted average would round based on the third decimal place to 5.54% and would not qualify. However, if the petitioner’s weighted average is 5.5467258%, the weighted average would round based on the third decimal place to 5.55% and would qualify.  

Q: Will USCIS accept a state certification of a TEA that was part of an approved Form I-526 petition before Nov. 21, 2019, for a separate Form I-526 petition filed on or after Nov. 21, 2019, based on facts that are materially the same? 

A: No. USCIS will adjudicate each Form I-526 petition filed on or after Nov. 21, 2019, according to the new rule.  

Removal of Conditions on Permanent Residence 

Q:  If the principal investor’s derivatives (such as a child or spouse) were not included with the Form I-829, Petition by Investor to Remove Conditions on Permanent Resident Status, and intend to file their own Form I-829, can they file together on a single Form I-829? 

A:  They can only file together if the investor is deceased. Otherwise, each derivative must file a separate Form I-829 petition. If the derivative is filing a separate petition from the investor, the derivative should attach a copy of the investor’s Form I-797, Notice of Action, relating to the investor’s Form I-829. 

Q:Does the new rule prohibit USCIS from adding a derivative to a pending Form I-829? 

A:No, derivatives may still request to be added to a pending I-829 if they pay the biometric fee and are otherwise eligible to be classified as the principal’s derivatives. The new rule standardizes the process for those derivatives who file an individual Form I-829 petition and cannot be included on the principal investor’s Form I-829, generally because the principal fails or refuses to file a Form I-829. 

Q:  Can principal investors include on their Form I-829 a child who reached the age of 21 or who married during the period of conditional permanent residence, or a former spouse who became divorced from the investor during the period of conditional permanent residence?  

A:  Yes.

原文链接:

https://www.uscis.gov/working-united-states/questions-and-answers-eb-5-immigrant-investor-program-modernization-rule

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